Are Bad Breath and Gum Disease Related?

Are Bad Breath and Gum Disease Related?

POSTED BY brant ON August 18, 2022, 7:45 am

Bad breath is caused by the bacteria in the mouth. It produces foul-smelling gases that get pushed up through the mouth when you exhale. Most of the time, bad breath can be eliminated by regularly brushing and flossing your teeth.

However, if you have severe chronic bad breath, this is a sign of gum disease. Gum disease is caused by plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth. If left untreated, it can also cause tooth decay and tooth loss.

How Are They Related?

Bad breath and gum disease are closely related. The bacteria that cause gum disease can also result in halitosis. The mouth is oftentimes a breeding ground for bacteria because food particles and bacteria aren’t properly removed. The bacteria also results in red, swollen, and bleeding gums, which is a sign of gum disease.

Gum disease begins as gingivitis, which is inflammation of the gums. Over time, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, which is a more serious form of gum disease. Periodontitis can lead to bone loss, gum recession, and mobility of the teeth.

In addition to bad breath and gum disease, there are also other potential causes of bad breath. These include:

  • Food is one of the primary causes of bad breath. Food particles can get lodged between your teeth and along your gum line. 
  • Tobacco causes bad breath. Not only does tobacco use lead to gum disease, but it can also cause dry mouth, which can lead to bad breath.
  • Poor oral hygiene can lead to bad breath.
  • Bad breath can be due to underlying health issues such as poor dental health, diabetes, acid reflux, or the presence of infection. When the body cannot properly process food, it can result in bad breath. 
  • From antidepressants to blood thinners, many medications can cause bad breath.

How To Cure Bad Breath and Gum Disease?

Fortunately, there are steps that you can take to cure bad breath and gum disease. First, you should brush and floss your teeth twice daily to remove bacteria and plaque. You should brush your teeth for a full two minutes each time. You should also floss your teeth at least once a day.

You should also visit your dentist twice every year. This is critical for maintaining good oral health and diagnosing any issues in your mouth. Your dentist will clean your teeth, remove any plaque, and check for any signs of gum disease.


At Kennedy Heights Dental Centre, we strive to provide our patients with a positive and relaxing experience. If you’re ready to experience the best dental care, please contact us at 778.438.2084. or visit us at 11960 88 Ave, Delta, BC V4C 3C8. 

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